Electromagnetic Spectrum

Introduction

Visible light is electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye, and is responsible for the sense of sight Visible light has a wavelength in the range of about 380 nanometres to about 740 nm.

Primary properties of visible light are intensity, propagation direction, frequency or wavelength spectrum, polarisation, and speed.

Visible light is emitted and absorbed in tiny “packets” called photons, and exhibits properties of both waves and particles. This property is referred to as the wave–particle duality.

Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of all possible frequencies of electromagnetic radiation.

Equations:

f= c/λ

f = E / h

E = hc / λ

where,

f = frequency

λ = wavelength

E = photon energy

h = Planck’s constant

c = speed of light

Regions of the spectrum

The types of electromagnetic radiation are broadly classified into the following classes:

1. Gamma radiation

2. X-ray radiation

3. Ultraviolet radiation

4. Visible radiation

5. Infrared radiation

6. Terahertz radiation

7. Microwave radiation

8. Radio wave

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