INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

To have dial up connection, following are required:

§  Computer

§  Modem. Configuration : 28.8 kbps

§  TCP/IP Software

§  Internet Application Software

§  ISP dial up telephone number

§  ISP DNS name-server address

§  ISP mail server address

To go online your computer must be equipped with a modem, a device that translates the digital signals from your computer into analog signals that travel over a standard phone line.

Those are the scratchy sounds your hear from a modem’s speaker.

A modem on the other end of the line understands it and converts the sounds back into digital information.

Modems come in different speeds and are measured in bps or bits per second.

A 28.8 Kbps modem transmits data at speed up to 28,800 bits per second.

A 56 kbps modem is twice as fast, sending and receiving data at a rate of up to 56,000 bits per second.

Speed matters as on the Internet, You are constantly exchanging data with other computers.

Some of these digital files can be quite large, especially for audio and video clips.

As you will soon discover, you want this exchange to happen as quickly as possible.

If you are purchasing a modem, buy the fastest one available.

Modems come in different speeds and can be installed inside your computer or connected to your computer’s serial port.

These days almost all computers come equipped with an internal modem.

But if you need to buy a modem for an older computer, consider purchasing an external one for two reasons.

First, they are much easier to install.

Second, occasionally your modem will freeze and needs to be reset.

If your modem is external you can simply turn it off and on again.

If it’s internal, the only way to reset it is to turn off your computer and reboot, which can take several minutes. 

To connect an external modem to your computer, you will need a serial modem cable.

Most likely, your computer will have a connector on the back labelled serial.

This connector comes in two varieties: 9-pin (male) or 25-pin (female).

If you only have one of these ports, it will probably be COM1.

If you have two, one will be COM1, and other will be COM2.

After you plug in your modem, you can sign up for Internet Service.

Usually your setup program will try and find your modem and its COM port.

If it cannot, it will ask you which COM port your modem is attached to.

If you do not know, the easiest thing to do is try them all.

Even if you only have two serial ports, you may be able to select one of four COM ports.

Also, there are some other devices that use the COM ports.

In some computers, the mouse is plugged into a serial port.

This is known as a serial mouse.

If you have got a serial mouse plugged into COM1, then just plug the modem into COM2.

If you do not have a second COM port, you can purchase a card that goes inside your computer that will give you a second COM port.

If this is necessary, you should check the manufacturer of your computer.

Microsoft organised the growing popularity of home networks and implemented Internet Connection Sharing in Windows 98.

ICS lets you connect one computer to the Internet by whatever means and share that connection with any other Windows 98 / ME computer on the network.

Though simple in theory, the actual implementation of ICS has proven problematic for many users.

Windows 98 Second Edition, as well as Windows ME, has an improved version of ICS that uses a Microsoft Wizard application to guide you through the process.

By default, the ICS components are not installed on your computer.

You only run ICS on the computer that is actually connected to the Internet.

§  Go to the Control Panel and double click Add / Remove Programs.

§  Select the Windows Setup Tab and Open the Internet Tools option.

§  Enable the Internet Connection Sharing component by clicking on the box next to it and then clicking on OK.

§  Once the ICS components are installed, The ICS wizard will pop up.

§  Follow the prompts and keep clicking next.

§  If your Internet Connection is not already configured on this computer, the wizard will open the Internet Connection Wizard. So that you can set up an Internet Connection.

§  Simply follow the prompts. When you are done, you will be returned to the ICS wizard.

§  The ICS Wizard will gather some information and prompt you to insert a 3.5 inch dikette. This diskette will then be used to configure the other Windows 98/ ME computers on your network for the Internet Access.

While file and printer sharing are still relatively easy on other operating system, Internet – Connection sharing using only software is a good deal trickier.

In most cases, you will need to configure a router or gateway that will bridge between the Internet and your home network.

Even with Windows 98 / ME, you may want to set up a hardware router to share your connection.

Your modem will likely have a connector on the back with space for 25 pins.

You need to make sure that the serial modem cable you purchase has the right number of pins on either side and is the correct “gender”.

The best thing to do is to look at the back of your computer and list the various connectors, the number of pins, and the gender.

When you go to purchase your modem, find the cable that matches the connector.

Lastly you will need a standard phone cable to connect the modem to your phone line. The standard connector on a telephone cable is called an RJ-11. On the back of your modem, you will probably have two RJ-11 jacks.

One is for connecting the modem to a wall jack, and the other is for connecting the modem to a telephone.

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